According to the source of funding, universities for studying in the United States can be divided into private universities and public universities; according to the scale and level of student enrollment, universities for studying in the United States can be divided into comprehensive universities, liberal arts colleges and community colleges.
- According to the source of funds
Universities studying in the United States can be divided into private universities (such as the Ivy League) and public universities (such as universities in the UC system).
Private universities are mainly funded by donations from alumni and consortia, while public universities are mainly funded by state government tax allocations, and the federal government will also subsidize certain funds. Generally speaking, the main service objects of public universities are the children of residents and permanent residents of the state, and the tuition fee is cheaper than that of private universities; the development of private universities not only depends on the recognition of social people, but also needs to ensure a certain source of students, so it pays more attention to teaching quality. and research results.
- According to the scale and the level of recruiting students
It can be divided into comprehensive universities, liberal arts colleges and community colleges.
- Comprehensive universities have a relatively complete set of disciplines, including both arts and sciences, enrolling both undergraduate and graduate students, and most private universities belong to this category.
Comprehensive universities are large in scale, complex in organization, abundant in teachers and complete in facilities. Generally, there are several colleges with liberal arts colleges as the core. In addition to the usual liberal arts courses, there are also engineering and technology, business, international issues, etc. Health, education, agriculture, domestic economics, construction, communication, journalism, library science, hotel management, etc.
- The liberal arts colleges are generally small in scale and focus more on undergraduate education, but many liberal arts colleges have a high academic reputation, no less than Harvard, Yale and other prestigious schools. All three Song sisters graduated from such schools. The most famous liberal arts colleges in the United States include Williams College, Pomona College, etc., which are ranked higher than those of the Ivy League schools in the United States.
- Most of the community colleges are public, equivalent to our junior colleges, and they pay more attention to vocational and technical courses, and they can graduate in two years. After graduation, many students choose to transfer to a four-year university in their junior year to continue their studies and get an undergraduate degree. Community colleges in California have high academic quality, and are also the best choice for many students to implement “curve to save the country” to enter the UC system.
Offers the first two years of a four-year university and vocational training courses. Most community colleges have reached a Transfer Admission Guarantee (TAG) agreement with American universities, which means that if students want to continue their studies after graduation, they can transfer credits to four-year universities to continue their courses for the next two years. Many universities in the United States reserve some community college transfer places every year to create opportunities for students to enter prestigious schools. High-quality education, low tuition fees, and signing transfer agreements with universities make community colleges a favorable springboard for entering top American universities.