The 50-year-old Jin Xiaoyu is a “genius translator”. He is proficient in more than a dozen languages, including English, Japanese, and German, and has translated 22 books. He is such a rare genius who hardly speaks to anyone. Mood is low and depressed for a while, irritable and furious for a while. To outsiders, this is a mentally disturbed person. In fact, this is because he has suffered from a mental disorder called “genius disease” since he was a child – bipolar disorder.
- What is bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder, also known as bipolar disorder, is a mental disorder characterized by both depression and mania. Because many literary and art workers suffer from this disease, such as Van Gogh, Li Bai, Byron, etc., it is also called “genius disease”. Patients with bipolar disorder are prone to repeated emotional abnormalities, so their work and study are greatly affected, and their social skills are almost lost. The lonely mental state will aggravate the disease and even lead to the patient’s thoughts of suicide. According to statistics, in all mental health Among the diseases, the suicide rate of bipolar disorder ranks first, so early detection and early intervention are very important for patients with bipolar disorder.
According to epidemiological surveys and studies, about 60% of depressed patients are bipolar, and in recent years, the population with bipolar disorder has gradually become younger, and nearly 10 million people in my country are troubled by bipolar disorder. Therefore, It is very important to pay attention to the scientific prevention and treatment of bipolar disorder.
The clinical manifestations of bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder is characterized by bipolar affective disorder. Patients show bi-lateral emotional manifestations that are sometimes quiet and sometimes manic, and are often accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as auditory hallucinations and persecutory delusions. The characteristic manifestations are summarized as follows.
① Depressed mood
During the depressive period, the patient presents with a low mood that lasts for more than 14 days, and this mental state will not be changed by the stimulation of the external environment, with taciturn and no desire to speak.
② Emotional mania period
During the manic phase, the patient presents with a state of high mood or irritability that lasts for more than 7 days, accompanied by inattention, erratic thoughts, and a marked increase in speech.
- 3 signs of aggravation of bipolar disorder
Most patients with bipolar disorder have a long course of disease. If they do not receive active treatment, their ability to live and socialize will be seriously affected, and in severe cases, it will even cause harm to themselves or the people around them. If the following three characteristics appear, be vigilant that their condition may worsen: Immediate medical intervention is required.
① Impaired or lost ability to work, study and work
Due to the inability to control their emotions, patients with bipolar disorder can hardly carry out normal work and study after a long course of disease, and cannot concentrate. Actively engage in medical intervention.
② loss of social skills
Patients with severe bipolar disorder almost completely lose their social skills. They do not want to communicate with others at all during the depressive period. Although they like to talk and express very much during the manic period, because they cannot control their emotions, they often experience irritability and fantasies. , auditory hallucinations and other abnormal manifestations, and even actively attack people around them, which indicates that they can no longer control their emotions and need medical intervention.
③ Self-harm or aggressive behavior
The most serious manifestations of patients with bipolar disorder are self-harm or aggressive behavior of others, which shows that they cannot control their own emotions and have a dangerous tendency to violence. At this time, not only medical treatment, but also medical control is required to avoid their continued harm. yourself or others.
Four, scientific prevention and treatment of bipolar disorder pay attention to 4 points
①Selective treatment according to the disease state
Patients with bipolar disorder have obvious periods of depression and mania, and different psychological induction and psychotherapy profiles should be used in different emotional states. During the depressive period, we should try our best to have active conversations and encourage them to communicate with outsiders, but the language should not be too impatient and must be gradual; during the manic period, the surrounding stimulation should be reduced. If they have self-harm or aggressive behavior, they must Send it to a professional psychiatrist for treatment to prevent it from harming those around you.
② Early intervention and individualized medication
For bipolar disorder, early detection and early treatment must be carried out. The sooner standardized treatment is carried out, the mood can be significantly improved, and it can be promoted to return to family and society as soon as possible. There are many psychoactive drugs for the treatment of bipolar disorder, such as antipsychotics, antidepressants, antimanic drugs, etc. It is necessary to formulate an individualized medication plan according to the specific condition of the patient, and flexibly adjust the dosage and type of drugs , and in severe cases, a combination of multiple drugs can be considered.
③ Psychological intervention in the whole process
Psychotherapy is the core of the treatment of bipolar disorder, and it is a treatment method that runs through the whole course of the disease. Patients with bipolar disorder should go to a professional mental institution for scientific psychological intervention as soon as possible, and through the joint efforts of the hospital and family, scientific Psychological construction, actively solve their doubts and problems, so as to avoid adverse stimulation of various factors and promote emotional stability.
④ Cultivate healthy living habits and avoid triggering factors
Healthy living habits are very important for patients with bipolar disorder. They should avoid consuming alcohol, tobacco, coffee and other stimulating items, maintain good sleep habits, play more outdoor sports, actively socialize with others, and cultivate good hobbies.
Bipolar disorder is a chronic disease, many patients have the characteristics of repeated attacks, and may require multiple treatments and interventions. Therefore, family and social support is very important, and they must be given the greatest encouragement. Second, scientific medication and psychological Treatment is very important, and patients and their families should follow the doctor’s orders to standardize medication and regularly conduct psychological counseling, so as to carry out scientific treatment.