The James Webb Space Telescope was launched on December 25, 2021, and is expected to arrive at its destination in late January this year and carry out a series of tests. If the mission goes as planned, it is expected to receive information from this summer. The first image from the Webb telescope. 2022 will be an exciting and fruitful year for space exploration, and here are some important missions to look forward to this year.
NASA’s Artemis program will begin in 2022 and is expected to send astronauts to the moon again in 2024. The last time humans set foot on the moon was in 1972. The astronauts took the Saturn 5 carrier rocket to the moon. Now NASA has created a new generation of rockets-the Space Launch System (SLS) will launch Artemis in March. For the first test during the NASA mission, the SLS will launch from Kennedy Space Center aboard the Orion spacecraft for a three-week uncrewed test flight that includes a flyby 100 kilometers above the lunar surface. The ultimate goal of the Artemis project is to establish a base that can live on the moon and continue to explore the depths of the universe, similar to the International Space Station as a transit station.
Coincidentally, the moon landing program has also become the target of other countries in 2022. The Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) plans to launch its first lunar mission, the Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO), in August. Russia plans to launch Luna 25 to the moon’s south pole in July, another 45 years after the last time Luna 24 returned nearly 200 grams of lunar soil in August 1976. Japan’s ispace company will also lead Japan’s first civilian moon landing program: the Hakuto-R program. The first mission will entrust SpaceX to assist in launching the company’s lander in the second half of the year, while carrying the roaming provided by the Emirates Space Center (MBRSC). car to demonstrate its lunar vehicle technology.
Psyche asteroid mission
16 Psyche is located between Mars and Jupiter. It is an M-type asteroid with a metal core similar to that of the Earth. In mid-2022, NASA will also launch the Psyche asteroid mission, which is scheduled to rise in August. Empty, which is expected to arrive in 2026, aided by Mars’ gravity in 2023. We have never approached M-type asteroids in the past, and we have not been able to study the core of the earth because it is too deep, so after arriving at Psyche, it will give us a new understanding of asteroids and planetary processes.
The Dart mission, launched in November 2021, should arrive at its destination in late September of this year. Dart: The double asteroid redirection test is going to the double asteroid systems Didymos and Dimorphos, with the goal of testing what technology will be needed in the future to save Earth from an impending asteroid impact. Dart will deliberately ram the smaller Dimorphos into orbiting closer to the larger Didymos, with the expectation that the results will provide valuable insights into how asteroids with a chance of colliding with Earth may be diverted in the future.
Mars Rover Program (ExoMars)
2021 is a busy year for Mars missions. NASA’s Perseverance rover and China’s Zhurong rover have been launched one after another, and both have returned shocking images and data from Mars. ExoMars launched the Trace Gas Mission (TGO) to orbit Mars in late 2016, and in September 2022 the European Space Agency will launch the next part of the ExoMars mission in partnership with Roscosmos, sending the Mars rover Rosalind Franklin Go to the surface of Mars and look for signs of past life. If the launch goes according to plan, it will arrive in 2023 and begin roaming the surface of Mars.