The threat of needles is great, and Russian helicopters change the way rockets are launched

With the influx of various NATO shoulder-launched anti-aircraft missile systems to support Ukraine, posing a great threat to Russian helicopters and low-altitude attack aircraft, there are currently videos on social networking sites showing that Russian attack helicopters have switched to a more secure attack method to avoid was shot down.

In the film, the Russian army uses a Ka-52 Alligator and Mi-28N Havoc attack helicopters to move forward in a low-flying manner, climb quickly before attacking, and launch heat-induced bombs and S- 8 rockets, then a quick left turn to return home.

This attack method first appeared in the teaching of the Mi-24 attack helicopter during the East German period. Many years ago, in the interview video of Russian TV (RT), there were also relevant training pictures, which showed that it was one of the standard tactics inherited from the Soviet era.

The advantage of using the climbing method to launch unguided rockets is that the range can be increased, but the disadvantage is that the accuracy will be greatly reduced, and the tail speed will be reduced due to the lengthening of the range, and the probability of unexploded bombs will also increase.

Although the Russian Ka-52 and Mi-28N have more advanced firing control computers that can assist in calculating the elevation angle of the rocket, but because the unguided rocket is easily affected by the wind direction or other factors, the parabolic launch will still reduce the accuracy. .

Even though the accuracy is degraded by the parabolic launch method, the S-8 rocket can effectively cover a large area and carry out indiscriminate attacks on people, buildings and light-wheelers.

In 2018, the Russian army also developed a laser-guided rocket kit similar to the U.S. APKWS, numbered S-8OFP, with a range increased from 4.5 kilometers to 6 kilometers, but due to the short launch time and high price, the number should not be enough to support It is a long-term war, so it should still be dominated by the traditional version.

According to the calculation of the destruction video that has been circulated in the media, it can be confirmed that the loss of Russian helicopters has reached 32. Therefore, the Ukrainian army has a large number of shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles, forcing the Russian attack helicopters to use a safer way to fire, because the stinger missiles can reach a range of 4.8 kilometers, if the traditional S-8 rocket is used, it is bound to use the parabolic launch method to increase the range to avoid being attacked by the needle.

Judging from the degree of damage to Ukraine’s front-line cities and the capital Kyiv, the main purpose of the Russian army’s use of parabolic launch of S-8 rockets should be to increase the psychological pressure of the Ukrainian military and civilians through indiscriminate bombing and to reach a ceasefire agreement as soon as possible.

At present, the ceasefire negotiations between the two sides are still ongoing, and Ukraine has rejected Russia’s proposed model of Swedish or Austrian neutrality, so the war is still expected to continue for several weeks until the two sides reach a consensus.

Ukraine expands digital information war, calls on more than 200 tech companies to fight against Russia

According to the Nikkei, the Russian-Ukrainian war continues to rage in the physical and information battlefields. Ukraine is now expanding its digital anti-Russian campaign, requiring more than 200 companies in the technology industry to stand up against Russia to give it an advantage in the competitive environment.

The Ukrainian Ministry of Digital Transformation’s strategy is mainly by lobbying tech companies to stop doing business in Russia, dampening their morale or cutting off fake news at its root. The department set up a fundraising website on Monday to accept cryptocurrency donations and raised more than $50 million in half a day after the Twitter post.

At the same time, Ukraine also recruited volunteer hackers and information security experts to participate in the war. On February 26, it announced the establishment of the “Ukrainian IT Army”, which receives tasks through Telegram every day. conduct a cyber attack.

Although most believed that the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, would fall within days of the Russian invasion, it was in fact still in Ukrainian hands. According to Peter Singer, a professor at Arizona State University’s Center for Future Warfare, Ukraine has “successfully turned the tide of Russian information warfare.”

But the report pointed out that the results of the national technology war are quite limited, because the international organization responsible for coordinating the Internet’s domain name system refuses to intervene, so Ukraine cannot cut off the Russian and international Internet.

At present, Microsoft, Google and Amazon have suspended the sale of new cloud computing contracts in Russia, but continue to provide cooperation with existing customers to avoid closing existing cloud computing facilities.

At the same time, because mainstream social media such as Facebook are blocked, Russians may be moved to places where fake news is more likely to spread. Russian social network Vkontakte noted on Monday that its daily audience reached 50 million users, a record high. Many fear that Russia may become like China in an online world with opaque information.

The Nikkei believes that the Russian-Ukrainian war has also made the world realize that technological products and services have been weaponized, highlighting the responsibilities that companies should assume in this situation and the difficult choices they often face.

The Ukrainian Ministry of Defense claims to have killed 14,000 Russian troops and destroyed 450 tanks

Today is the 23rd day of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The Ukrainian Ministry of Defense announced on Facebook that it had killed 14,200 Russian troops, destroyed 450 tanks, 93 aircraft, 112 helicopters, and 1,448 armored combat vehicles, as well as 43 air defense systems. been destroyed.

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) reported that there is a very large gap between Ukraine and Russia in the number of losses announced. Russia claimed that 498 Russian troops were killed on the 3rd of this month, and has not been updated since then.

U.S. officials estimated Thursday that the actual death toll of Russian troops could exceed 7,000, while the number of wounded could be as high as 14,000.

What is Russia’s “hybrid warfare” that China is learning about?

The situation of the Russian-Ukrainian war was not as good as Moscow’s plan, but the Russian army launched a series of “hybrid warfare” offensives on and off the battlefield since before and after the war. What elements does this new form of modern warfare contain, and how can it create advantages for Russia?

On February 24th, when Russia entered Ukraine, in addition to the offensive of the army, navy and air force, the Russian cyber army also launched a multi-level offensive. Ukrainian political, financial, military, media and many infrastructure network systems have been blocked by DDoS attacks, and international public opinion Russia has also launched a disinformation war with major media.

A photo of information warfare attack and defense
The independent American photographer Wolfgang Schwan went to the suburbs of Kharkov, where the fighting was fierce, and took pictures of Olena Kurilo, a woman who was injured by the Russian bombing and immediately It became the headlines adopted by major international media, and this photo also became the best portrayal of the Russian-Ukrainian war.

Russia’s deputy ambassador to the United Nations, Alexander Alimov, immediately counterattacked through Twitter, calling the woman an actor and posting two other photos of similar-looking women appearing on other occasions in Kyiv. Russian media also reported that Olena’s photo was taken in 2015. A synthesis of old news from the Battle of Bath.

However, The Intercept, an independent news network in the United States, pointed out that in addition to Schwan, Olena was interviewed by two other independent reporters, Justin Yau and Alex Lourie, and the interviews were shot and videotaped directly through the camera, so it can be determined that the photo is from Carl on February 28. In the suburbs of Cove, in addition to the comparison photos proposed by Deputy Ambassador Alimov, there is a considerable gap in appearance with Olena Kurilo herself.

Using fake news to smear the truth, the main goal is not to confuse black and white, but to provide resources for pro-Russian mass war of words, and to win over neutral ethnic groups to create the perception that “the United States and Russia are as bad”. The online pen battles that modern people are accustomed to are actually part of the Russian hybrid war.

What is hybrid warfare?
The term “hybrid warfare” was first proposed by Frank G. Hoffman, a professor at the National Defense University in the United States in 2007. It refers to the integration of traditional, political, cyber and asymmetric warfare, with diplomatic, legal, disinformation or A new mode of warfare that interferes with elections and other means to achieve political goals and avoid subsequent responsibilities and retaliation.

Although hybrid warfare and Grey Zone Conflicts are similar in concept, grey zone conflicts do not include regular warfare methods that are also used in hybrid warfare. Terms such as hybrid warfare, gray zone conflict, and irregular warfare (Irregular Warfare) are often used interchangeably as definitions remain controversial.

“Cognitive control” is the core goal of hybrid warfare
The 2003 Russian annual defense white paper also stated that in the future, Russian military operations will incorporate various non-traditional methods, including the use of disinformation, cyber attacks and proxy forces (Proxy Forces), combined with traditional force, to quickly destroy or control enemy communications, political After the war and the military center, make the opponent’s command incapacitate and complete the goal.

Former Russian Chief of Staff Valery Gerasimov explained in detail the framework, state classification and operation methods of Russia’s mixed strategy. This theory has been verified in Estonia, Georgia and Crimea, so Europe and the United States called this strategy For the “Gerasimov Doctrine” (Gerasimov Doctrine).

Greshimov pointed out that the use of various tactics in hybrid warfare is aimed at “perception control”, from international and private channels, to create as much as possible unfavorable cognition to the target country’s government, and then to the country’s leadership. Class pressure, even splitting the cabinet team, ultimately made decisions in Russia’s favor.

At present, the strategic use of Russian hybrid warfare, with special emphasis on the use of non-military means to expand the internal disputes of the target country, in order to implement cognitive control, there are 11 main methods, these cognitive control methods must be adjusted according to the situation during the preparation, execution and completion of the target. Use, and can not be interrupted, otherwise the control effect will soon disappear.

Application of Hybrid Warfare in Russian-Ukrainian War
Russian President Vladimir Putin said in July 2021 that Russia, Belarus and Ukraine are all inseparable parts of the East Slavic nation, that Ukraine has no point in becoming an independent country, and that it has been trying to rewrite history for many years is unacceptable behavior for Moscow.

In a televised speech in February this year, Putin accused Ukraine of becoming a country full of neo-Nazism, carrying out genocide against local Russian residents in the Donbas region, so Russia is obliged to intervene humanitarianly and officially recognize Donetsk and Luhansk Independence of the People’s Republic.

During the process of the army buildup, Russia used a mixed warfare strategy, constantly releasing inconsistent information, and repeatedly denied sending troops to Ukraine. The army buildup was purely for exercises. Putin and cabinet officials have repeatedly ridiculed the West for deliberately exaggerating the Russian threat, just to trigger a war to weaken Russia. .

In particular, after Bloomberg accidentally reported the fake news of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on February 4, although it immediately withdrew and issued an apology statement, it also caused the Russian state media to ridicule and make many signs of the Russian military’s pre-war preparations covered by other information.

At the same time, the Russian army gathered in the border city of Belgorod and pressed against the second largest city in Ukraine, Kharkiv. In addition to putting pressure on the Kyiv authorities, it also misled the public to believe that if the Russian army wanted to send troops, the goal would be to Complete control of the Donbas region, replicating the Crimean model.

Therefore, from the end of 2021 to mid-February 2022, Ukraine has always been hesitant about whether a war will break out. President Zelensky still publicly refuted the war warnings of Europe and the United States until early February, saying that Ukrainian intelligence showed that there was no immediate threat of war. Russia and Russia are still conducting diplomatic negotiations, which shows that Russia’s mixed warfare strategy successfully delayed Kyiv’s reaction time in the preparation stage for the war.

After the United States announced for the first time that the Russian military would launch a full-scale offensive on February 16, Russia, in order to confuse international audiences, announced on February 15 that some of the exercise troops were withdrawing from their original locations, and released videos of the withdrawal of troops through state media, making most international media believe that the crisis or will end.

On February 21, Putin suddenly announced that he would carry out “special operations” in the Donbas region, and once again stated that he had no intention of occupying Ukrainian territory, deepening the view that this was a recurrence of the Crimean model. The United States did not even identify Russia for the first time. The military dispatch was an act of aggression. It was not until the Russian army attacked Kyiv through Belarus that the world confirmed that Russia’s real intention was to overthrow the Zelensky regime.

Taiwan must learn to deal with hybrid warfare
As far as the current situation is concerned, if the Russian army had locked its strategic target in the Donbas region, it would not have been too difficult to press the situation with nearly 200,000 troops. As Saifanburg performed beheading tactics, the scale far exceeded the sum of Russia’s past mixed warfare experience.

Therefore, the Russian army is currently in a quagmire, and the tactics are returned to the traditional tactics of the Chechnya period, and the army is occupied after the carpet bombing.

Although the Russian army’s preparations were quite successful, Putin made a wrong assessment of Ukrainian high-level officials and the will of military and civilian resistance, which made the decapitation tactic fail. The prolonged war made logistics scheduling unable to keep up with the demand, and also lost the cognitive control effect of Greshimov Doctrine.

Although the Russian hybrid warfare is not as successful as in the past, the hybrid warfare technology developed in the past 20 years has become a reference target for the PLA’s full development. Taiwan can observe the new application of hybrid warfare technology in this conflict and develop complete countermeasures as soon as possible. , including information security protection, rapid response to false information, and more in-depth intelligence analysis and public opinion control. After all, what Taiwan is facing is not just a “little pink”, but a real “Internet army.”

Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister publicly named ASUS, wrote to Shi Chongtang to “stop all relations with Russia”

Ukraine’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Digital Transformation, Mykhailo Fedorov, has frequently spoken to the world through Twitter, conveying that Ukraine is now bravely resisting the armed invasion of Russia. At a time when the world is paying attention to Ukraine, he also directly used Twitter’s community influence to ask internationally renowned companies and brands to condemn Russia and take practical actions, including the PC maker ASUS, which he directly sent to the chairman. Shi Chongtang’s open letter called on ASUS to terminate any relationship with Russia and stop doing business in the country.

In a tweet sent by Mykhailo Fedorov on the 10th, he not only directly tagged the official ASUS Twitter account and said, “Day 15 of the invasion: Russian tanks and missiles continue to kill peaceful Ukrainians! ASUS, the Russians have no right to use your superb technology! Technology is for peace, not for war,” added an open letter to Chairman Jonney Shih.

The open letter mentioned that Ukraine is now standing on the front line of defending democracy and freedom in the face of the war launched by Russia. Russian armed forces have invaded Ukraine for 10 consecutive days, destroying infrastructure, civilian buildings, and killing innocent civilians, including women and children. It also mentioned that “the IT industry has always supported the values ​​of responsibility and democracy, and we believe that ASUS shares the same values.”

Mykhailo Fedorov, speaking on behalf of Ukraine, called on ASUS to terminate all relations with Russia and stop doing business in the country until Russia stops aggression against Ukraine. He also called on Shi Chongtang, ASUS should stop the relationship with Russian customers and partners, including the supply of hardware and electronic products, and ASUS and its related companies to stop providing technical support to Russia.

The letter also mentioned that many companies from all walks of life around the world have joined the protests in support of Ukraine. In the financial sector, MasterCard and Visa blocked the credit card services of many Russian banks, and Google and Apple’s payment services stopped supporting because of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Cards from Russian banks, Oracle, Samsung, Dell, Siemens and others have also suspended all operations in Russia, so I hope that ASUS and its partners will also support such a move. In the end, Mykhailo Fedorov stated that “it is no longer a matter of business, but a matter of peace and life.”

In fact, ASUS has been deeply involved in the Russian market for many years, and its gaming laptops have steadily become the preferred brand of Russian gamers with their ultimate performance, and are firmly in the leading position in the country’s market. 30%, so it’s not hard to see why Mykhailo Fedorov named ASUS for support.

Why not cut off the Ukrainian Internet? Because the Russian army has to use it

Before the Russian army entered Ukraine, the outside world believed that Moscow would first use a large-scale cyber attack to cut off Ukraine’s communications before driving in the chariots. The road is still quite clear, and experts believe that it may be related to the fact that the Russian army itself also relies on the local network.

Due to the mixed warfare offensive of the Russian army in Crimea in 2014, it successfully confuses and delays the reaction time of the West and achieves the record of winning the Donbas and Crimea. The world has a great sense of Russia’s network and information attack capabilities. shock.

Therefore, before February 24, media and experts from various countries predicted that if the Russian army attacked, it should first use a large-scale network attack to interfere with communication nodes such as Ukraine’s power grid, radio and television, and mobile networks, causing communication in the country. The black hole, combined with false news such as the fall of the capital and the flight of the president, first disintegrated the morale of the Ukrainian military and civilian resistance, and replicated the successful model of Crimea.

In an interview with Defense One, a U.S. Pentagon official pointed out that although the Russian military’s cyber offensive was indeed observed during the war, the scope of the impact was too small, and no major damage was caused except for the interruption of communication in a few areas and the bombing of the TV tower. .

The reason for not completely cutting off the communication network in Ukraine may be that after the attack, the Russian army discovered that the local communication infrastructure is still of great use to itself, especially in the coordination of the Russian army attack in the enemy’s territory. It may not be possible to rely on it alone. The communication facilities provided by the Russian army were carried out.

Retired Major General John Ferrari of the U.S. Army pointed out that the scale of the Russian military offensive was much larger than that during the Crimea crisis, so the demand for communication traffic was quite huge. The new “Warfighting Information Network-Tactical, WIN-T” system in , also encountered many difficulties in progress.

Major General Ferrari said that after entering Ukraine, the Russian army may need to rely on smartphones and local mobile networks for coordination and navigation due to the fact that the progress of the war is not as expected, the need for communication between multiple fronts is too great, and the communication facilities are insufficient. Disrupting the local network can actually hinder your own actions. In addition, Russia also needs to monitor the movements of the Ukrainian military and civilian resistance forces through local networks.

For the Russian military, cutting off the communication network can dampen the Ukrainian government’s efforts to rally morale and win international public opinion, but it may put front-line troops at greater risk and increase the chance of getting lost, mistakenly attacked or ambushed, so Moscow may need more. measure over time.

The Russian army captured the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, experts worry about the leakage of radioactive pollution

One day after the Russian army launched its attack on Ukraine, Ukrainian officials confirmed that the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, located north of Kiev, has been occupied by the Russian army. Although there are no reports of damage to the power plant equipment, it has aroused the concern of nuclear energy experts from various countries. Re-emergence of fighting on the ground may damage part of the nuclear waste cooling pool, leading to the leakage of radioactive contamination.

The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant started operation in 1977. In 1986, an explosion and leakage incident that shocked the world occurred. The damaged Unit 4 was sealed with a large amount of cement grouting after the incident. However, due to the power vacancy, the remaining The 3 units were still in operation until 2000 before they were all shut down.

In 2017, the Ukrainian government spent 170 million US dollars on the grouting Unit 4, and built another layer of stainless steel building to strengthen the storage strength, ensuring that the 200 metric tons of radioactive materials sealed in Unit 4 at the time of the incident would no longer flow out.

According to statistics, the leakage of pollution caused by the explosion accident in 1986 directly caused 56 deaths, and subsequently affected tens of thousands of people, including cancer and other radiation-related symptoms.

Including the International Energy Association and Ukrainian nuclear energy experts said that before the power plant was completely closed in 2000, there were still many waste fuel rods temporarily stored in the cooling pool near the power plant. The fuel rods in these cooling pools were taken out several years later, and the radioactivity was far higher than that in Unit 4.

Although nuclear energy experts from various countries generally believe that the Russian army has no special motivation to damage the equipment of the Chernobyl power plant, although the power plant was occupied, it was not damaged, indicating that the situation is still under control.

However, if the Ukrainian army counterattacks and fights again near the power plant, any explosion may damage the nuclear waste in the cooling pool, causing the leakage of radioactive pollution, and the spread area will affect the entire European continent, so it should not be taken lightly.

Therefore, many nuclear energy experts have condemned the Russian military’s attack on the nuclear power plant.

The 100 richest people in Ukraine have fled to the remaining 4, and the reason for not being able to escape is exposed.

The situation in Russia and Ukraine is tense. Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the army to enter two pro-Russian regions in eastern Ukraine and recognized it as an independent country. The United States and the European Union successively imposed the first round of sanctions. According to local media reports, affected by the situation in Russia and Ukraine, Ukraine The top 100 richest people fled the country, and only 4 people remain in Ukraine because of suspected corruption and their passports were detained by the court and could not leave the country.

The Ukrainian media “Pravda” reported that as of the 13th, there were more than 20 charter flights out of the country, the largest number in a single day in the past six years. Most of them took off from the capital, Kiev, carrying rich people and parliamentarians, and many of them were to Switzerland. ,Austria.

According to the report, among these charter planes, Rinat Akhmetov, the founder of SCM Holdings, the richest man in Ukraine, ranked 111th on the Forbes rich list, Victor Pinchuk, the second-ranked steel giant, agricultural The richest man Vadim Nesterenko.

In addition to the rich, some Ukrainian lawmakers have also fled the country. The report quoted sources as saying that some opposition lawmakers and businessmen ordered a private jet with a capacity of 50 people and planned to fly to Vienna.

The report pointed out that almost all of Ukraine’s top 100 richest people have fled abroad, and only 4 people remain in Ukraine. Among them, the richest man with 3 passports, Igor Kolomoysky, remains in Ukraine because of corruption. In criminal cases, passports were detained by the court; in addition, the passports of former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko were detained by the court, but it was rumored that he had transferred his family and property abroad.

According to the report, Ukrainian President Zelensky was very angry about this when he made a speech, restricting these people to return to China within 24 hours, otherwise they will suffer serious consequences; many fleeing rich and parliamentarians heard the news and flew back to Ukraine, but some People insisted not to return home.

Satellite imagery captured! Shows military activity at multiple locations along the Ukrainian border

Satellite images captured by the US company Maxar Technologies show military activity in Belarus, Crimea and various locations in western Russia near the Ukrainian border, including at least 50 newly deployed aircraft in northwestern Belarus. Helicopters, and a battle group consisting of combat vehicles, personnel carriers and support equipment is also deployed at Millerover Airport, about 25 kilometers from the Ukrainian border.

Marsal Technology has been tracking the build-up of Russian troops for many weeks. According to satellite images taken, helicopters, including troop transport helicopters and ground attack helicopters, have recently been deployed near the Ukrainian border, and more countermeasures have been deployed there. Ground attack aircraft, air defense units and UAV equipment.

Reuters could not independently confirm the authenticity of the satellite images, but these satellite images are completely contrary to the official Moscow withdrawal statement. At that time, the Russian Ministry of Defense issued a statement pointing out that after the military exercise, most of the Russian troops will be withdrawn to the base, and even announced that the train will be transported. The picture of the tank is the proof.

U.S. President Biden said today that he is convinced that Russian President Vladimir Putin has decided to invade Ukraine and has been spreading fake news to try to create an excuse for a possible military attack in a few days, but Russia says it has no such intentions , and accused Western countries of spreading fear irresponsibly.

US President Biden: Putin has decided to attack Ukraine in the next few days or next week

U.S. President Biden said at the White House today on the latest Ukraine situation, confirming that Russian President Vladimir Putin has decided to invade Ukraine, and will attack Ukraine in the next few days or next week, targeting Ukraine’s capital Kiev, but believes that Russia will not use nuclear weapons.

In the face of border tensions with Ukraine, Biden held transatlantic leadership talks today with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson .

Biden then held a press conference and said that there is now reason to believe that Russian President Vladimir Putin has made a decision to invade Ukraine and will attack Ukraine in the next few days or next week, targeting the Ukrainian capital Kiev, which owns Ukraine. A city of 2.8 million innocent people.

Biden called on Russia to still have the opportunity to choose a diplomatic solution to the crisis. If the border crisis spreads to a full-scale war, it will pay a huge price for a catastrophic choice in the future, while the United States and its allies will work to defend the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) every inch of territory to avoid any threat to collective security.

Just as Russia is gathering 150,000 troops on the Russian-Ukrainian border, Biden said that although he will not commit to sending U.S. troops to Ukraine, he will approve the deployment of troops by NATO members and will meet with the Group of Seven (G7) on February 24. The leaders held a video conference to discuss the current Russian-Ukrainian issues.

Russian President Vladimir Putin will watch the military exercise on February 19, when a large number of exercises will be launched to launch intercontinental ballistic missiles and cruise missiles, and this exercise reminds the outside world to pay attention to Russia’s nuclear power. Biden said that Russia will not use nuclear weapons, but Putin is focused on convincing the world that Russia has the power to change European dynamics.